It's time to take back control of your own data so you can return to a life where your privacy is valued. This basic guide is for those of us who know nothing or very little about protecting our privacy.
We've focused on ‘plug and play’ solutions that need little or no configuration and it’s definitely not an exhaustive list, there are many tools out there but these are a great place to start…
There are plenty of adblocking extensions on the market but I use EFF’s Privacy Badger. I like it because it focuses on blocking tracking software rather than ads themselves and because it’s creator is the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), a not-for-profit organisation that champions user privacy.
In its own words, Privacy Badger is designed to “ block any tracker or ad that violates the principle of user consent”. It’s easy to download and install and works by operating a traffic light system of domain lists.
Those on the red list are blocked third party domains. Those on the yellow list are domains that appear to track you across the Internet but which are also important for some web functionality. In these cases, Privacy Badger allows the domain but tries to filter out any tracking software. Domains on the green list have not been identified as trying to track your Internet usage and so, have been allowed to operate.
You can view Privacy Badger’s work by accessing the settings menu from where you can manually override the app’s own decision making. You can alo add domains to a whitelist that stops Privacy Badger from touching them.
As well as blocking trackers and ads, Privacy Badger also blocks canvas fingerprinters, which are devilish systems that track your device by assigning it a unique number rather than by using cookies.
Brave is a Chromium-based browser which makes it easy for Chrome users to make the switch. There’s virtually no difference between the two from a user perspective, except the little lion logo that sits at the top of the screen.
The lion gives you access to Brave’s settings and a performance report (number of ads blocked etc) for the site being viewed.
At the flick of a switch you can block ads and trackers, 3rd party cookies and apply fingerprinting protection. On top of all that, you can very easily turn on HTTPS Everywhere, which encrypts all communication with every site you visit.
There’s no doubt that mobile browsing feels safer when using Brave but it does sometimes crashes for no particular reason. Whilst annoying, it’s a price worth paying for your privacy.
Aral is a champion of privacy and, along with his partner, they’ve set up, ind.ie, to be a developer with a strict ethical design policy. Their flagship product is Better, which in their own words is:
“a tracker blocker for Safari on iPhone, iPad, and Mac. It protects you from behavioural advertising and malicious web content by enforcing the principles of Ethical Design.
“We work for you, not for the advertising industry. We built Better because we’re tired of the deceptive practices of other “ad blockers” like AdBlock Plus (ABP) and Ghostery. Ghostery tells you they protect you from advertising and yet they get paid by the advertising industry. ABP has an “acceptable ads” policy that whitelists ads from the biggest trackers (like Google) in exchange for meeting some superficial criteria and lots of money. In contrast, we make money directly from sales of Better. You pay for Better and you’re our customer. It’s an honest and straightforward exchange.
“To find out more about how Better differs from other blockers, please read ourintroductory blog post.”
Tor achieves this by passing a user’s traffic from node to node before it ultimately gets to the destination server. Anyone trying to trace it back would have a very hard time doing so.
The great thing about TOR is it’s browser-based and so gives a genuinely high level of protection without the need for you to have technical skills.
In our experience, TOR can be quite slow which is understandable given the crazy route your traffic will be taking. As a result, it's very useful for research but not particularly good for multimedia or social platforms.
In today’s environment, we highly recommend downloading the TOR browser for any sensitive research that you want to do but bear in mind that it doesn’t work well with Google; at least, not in our experience.
Which brings us to our last suggestion for safer, more private Internet use…ditch Google.
Why don’t we use them? Because they’re not Google.
The ubiquity aside, the big problem with Google is that it tracks you everywhere. Just look at your Privacy Badger settings if you want proof.
We’re so habituated to Google that switching is more akin to giving up smoking than to making a regular consumer choice but we urge you to give it a go and when you do, try DuckDuckGo instead.
DuckDuckGo promises not to track you anywhere. It just takes your search term and delivers results, no record is kept and no cookie delivered. You'll still use Google from time to time but then it's worth dabbling in other search engines too. One of the secrets to a successful search is diversity. Google isn’t the only platform that delivers useful results.
To help wean yourself off Google, we suggest setting DuckDuckGo as your home page and default search engine. DDG delivers results in a Google-like manner, so the aesthetics are no longer an issue and eight times out of ten, the top ten results are fine.
Google is a hard habit to break but DDG gives you a good reason to start breaking it now.